IBS Institute for Basic Science
Search

IBS-CMSD Colloquium_Prof. Yongli Zhang(Dep. of Cell Biology, Yale Uni.)(May 21, 2018)

작성자 : Center for Molecular Spectroscopy and Dynamics 등록일 : 2018-05-02 조회수:1564

 

      IBS Center for Molecular Spectroscopy and Dynamics

 

COLLOQUIUM

 

 

        SPEAKER
Prof. Yongli Zhang (Dept. of Cell Biology, Yale University, USA)


        TITLE
Single-molecule force spectroscopy of protein folding and dynamics


        ABSTRACT
Forces hold everything together and determine the structures and dynamics of macromolecules. We have broad interests and skills in measuring the intra- and inter-molecular forces and the forces generated by molecular machines as a crucial step to understand their biological functions. We combine high-resolution optical tweezers and single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy to manipulate and visualize single molecules in real time, revealing dynamic structures of proteins inaccessible by other experimental methods. Using this new approach, we have elucidated the molecular mechanisms of SNARE assembly and its regulation by Munc18-1 and other proteins. SNARE proteins and Munc18-1 constitute the core machinery for fusion involved in neurotransmission and insulin secretion. Dysfunction of the machinery has been linked to neurological disorders and diabetes. However, the pathway of SNARE assembly and the mechanistic role of Munc18-1 in membrane fusion have remained enigmatic despite intensive research spanning four decades. We found that Munc18-1 acts as a non-classical protein chaperone to catalyze step-wise assembly of three SNAREs (syntaxin, VAMP2, and SNAP-25) into a four-helix bundle. The catalysis requires formation of an intermediate complex as recently hypothesized, in which Munc18-1 juxtaposes the N-terminal SNARE motifs of syntaxin and VAMP2 but keeps their C-termini separated. Next, SNAP-25 quickly binds the templated SNAREs to form a partially-zippered SNARE complex. Finally, full zippering displaces Munc18-1. Munc18-1 phosphorylation and disease mutations modulate the stability of the template complex in a way that correlates with their effects in membrane fusion, indicating that the chaperoned SNARE assembly is essential for exocytosis. Finally, I will describe a new assay recently developed in our lab to study protein-membrane interactions based on optical tweezers.


        DATE AND VENUE
 May 21, 2018 (Monday, 4:00 - 5:00 pm)  

Seminar Room 116, KU R&D Center


        LANGUAGE
English